Expertise & Publications on
Evaluation of Water Quality Impacts

Please note: Due to webhosting changes, some links shown within some reports and papers listed below may no longer be active. If you have difficulties with a particular link, please email Dr. Lee at gfredlee33@gmail.com and note the reference; he will provide you with the updated link.

Background Information on:

Water Quality Evaluation and Management

Water Quality Criteria & Standards Development

Publications are available in the following areas:

Water Quality Criteria, Development & Use

San Francisco Bay

Pesticides in Aquatic Systems

Urban Stormwater Runoff

Water Quality Evaluation and Management

Watershed-Based Water Quality Management

Agricultural Impacts on Water Quality

Additional Aquatic Chemistry Issues

Water Quality Criteria, Development and Use

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., “Comments on ‘Environmental Protection Agency 40 CFR Part 131 [EPA-HQ-OW-2009-0596; FRL-XXXX-X] [RIN 2040-AF11] Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida’s Lakes and Flowing Waters,’” Submitted to US EPA Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OW-2009-0596, by G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, April 7 (2010). [413 kb]

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., “Comments on US EPA’s Conditional Probability Approach for Developing Phosphorus Nutrient Criteria,” Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, September 26 (2008). [61 kb]

Hall, J., “Request for Peer Review of New EPA Region III Approach to Developing Instream Standards for Nutrients,” Letter with attachments to Stephen Johnson, Administrator, US EPA, Washington, DC, Submitted by Hall & Associates, Washington, DC, August 21 (2008). [2,018 kb] Posted with Permission of Hall & Associates, Washington, D.C.

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., “Unrecognized Environmental Pollutants,” Water Encyclopedia: Surface and Agricultural Water, Wiley, Hoboken, NJ pp 371-373 (2005). [32kb]

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., “Clean Water Act, Water Quality Criteria/Standards, TMDLs, and Weight-of-Evidence Approach for Regulating Water Quality,” Water Encyclopedia: Water Law and Economics, Wiley, Hoboken, NJ, pp 598-604 (2005). [165kb]

Lee, G. F., "Unreliability of SWRCB's Use of "NAS Criteria" to Evaluate Pesticides Impacts on Aquatic Life" excerpt and adapted from, Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Organochlorine Pesticide, PCB and Dioxin/Furan Excessive Bioaccumulation Management Guidance," California Water Institute Report TP 02-06 to the California Water Resources Control Board/Central Valley Regional Water Quality Control Board, 170 pp, California State University Fresno, Fresno, CA, December (2002).

Lee, G. F., "Regulating Mercury in the Water Column and Sediments" Report to Dredge Tailings Workgroup, by G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA (2003).

Lee, G. F., "Comments on the NRDC Report, 'A Review of Available Best Management Practices for Reducing Agricultural Discharges to Waterways in California's Central Valley,'" Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, January (2003). [141k]

Lee, G. F. "Comments on US EPA TMDL Program," submitted to US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water, Washington, D.C., December (2001).

Lee, G.F., and Jones-Lee, A., "Evaluation Monitoring vs Chemical-Constituent Monitoring: Chemical Concentrations vs Chemical Impacts," Keynote presentation at CA Water Environment Association Training Seminar, "Recent Advances in Receiving Water Monitoring," Anaheim, CA, February (1999). [221k]

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Appropriate Use of Numeric Chemical Water Quality Criteria," Health and Ecological Risk Assessment 1(1):5-11 (1995). [406 kb]

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Appropriate Use of Numeric Chemical Concentration-Based Water Quality Criteria: Supplemental Discussion," Health and Ecological Risk Assessment 2(2):233-234 (1995). [115 kb]

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Independent Applicability of Chemical and Biological Criteria/Standards and Effluent Toxicity Testing," The National Environmental Journal, 5(1):60-63, (1995), Part II, "An Alternative Approach," 5(2):66-67 (1995). [43k]

Veith, G. D. (coordinator), Carver, T. C., Jr., Fetterolf, C. M., Lee, G. F., Swanson, D. L., Willford, W. A., and Zeeman, M. G., "Polychlorinated Biphenyls," In: A Review of the EPA Red Book: Quality Criteria for Water, American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD, pp 239-246 (1979). [3,334k]

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., "Unreliable Reporting of Water Quality Impairment by the US EPA's National Water Quality Inventory," Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates El Macero, CA (1996), (1996). [52k]

Lee, G. F., and Stumm, W., "Determination of Ferrous Iron in the Presence of Ferric Iron with Bathophenanthroline," Journ. Amer. Water Works Assn. 52(12):1567-1574 (1960). [4,030 kb]

Lee, G. F., and Jones, R. A., "Problems in Implementation of US EPA Water Quality Criteria into State Water Quality Standards," Proc. US EPA Symposium on "The Development, Use, and Vlaue of Water Quality Criteria and Standards," Washington, DC, US EPA, pp. 93-116 (1981). [10,038 kb]

Lee, G. F., Jones, R. A. and Newbry, B. W., "Alternative Approach to Assessing Water Quality Impact of Wastewater Effluents," Journ. Water Pollut. Control Fed. 54:165-174 (1982). [5,675 kb]

Lee, G. F. and Jones, R. A., "Comments on the United States Environmental Protection Agency's Proposal to Add Ammonia to the Toxic Pollutant List," Water, Air, Soil Pollut. 16:73-81 (1981). [3,046 kb]

Lee, G. F. and Jones, R. A., "Interpretation of Chemical Water Quality Data," Aquatic Toxicology, ASTM STP 667. L. L. Marking and R. A. Kimerle, Eds., American Society for Testing and Materials, pp. 302-321, (1979). [920 kb]

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A "Comments on US EPA Draft Strategy for Water Quality Standards and Criteria," submitted to US EPA Office of Water Washington D.C., (2002). [53KB]

Lee, G.F., "Comments on Effluent Dominated Water Bodies CVRWQCB Draft Report," Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, September (2000). [34k]

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Review of Yolo County Lower Cache Creek Water Quality," Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, September (2002).

Lee, G.F., "Independent Applicability Policy," letter to R. Gross, The Beaufort Group, Ladys Island, SC, September (1998). [9k]

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Summary of Issues Pertinent to Regulating Bioaccumulatable Chemicals," Report G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA (1996). [37k]

Lee, G.F., "Comments on Technical Deficiencies in the Interim Draft Clean Water Quality Criteria and Standards Plan - Priorities for the Future," submitted to J.C. Fox, Office of Water, US EPA Washington, DC, October 10, (1998). [38k]

Lee, G.F., "Comment on the US EPA Proposed California Toxic Rule," letter to D. Frankel, US EPA, San Francisco, CA September (1997). [17k]

Lee, G.F., and Jones-Lee, A., "Comments on Fish and Wildlife Service and National Marine Fisheries Service Draft 'Opinion' on the Deficiencies in the US EPA Region 9 California Toxics Rule," Submitted to Water Management Division, US EPA Region IX, San Francisco, CA, September (1998). [75k]

Lee, G.F., "Inappropriate 303 (d) Listing of Impaired Waterbodies," letter to M.J. Forster, State Water Resources Control Board, Sacramento, CA, May (1998). [10k]

Lee, G.F., "Development of Impaired Waterbodies List," letter to H. Smythe, California Regional Water Quality Control Board, Santa Ana Region, Riverside, CA, December (1997). [15k]

Lee, G. F., "Initial Comments on US EPA 40 CFR Part 131 Water Quality Standards for the State of California as Proposed on Tuesday, August 5, 1997," Report G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA (1997). [38k]

Lee, G.F., "Comments on Current Deficiencies in US EPA/USDA Water Pollution Control Programs: Suggested Revisions as Part of the Clean Water Action Plan," submitted to R. Perciasepe, Office of Water, US EPA and J. Lyons, USDA, Washington, D.C., November (1997). [57k]

Lee, G. F. and Jones, R. A., "Comments on US EPA's November 19, 1991 Proposed Rule for Compliance with Water Quality Standards Regulations Governing State Development of Numeric Water Quality Standards for Toxic Chemicals," Submitted to US EPA, Washington, DC, 33pp, December (1991). [80k]

Lee, G.F., and Jones-Lee, A., "'Chemical Constituent' vs. 'Pollutant:' Importance of Aquatic Chemistry and Toxicology in Avoiding Over-Regulation," Report G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, October (1994). [168kb]

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "NPDES Permit Violations: Do They Mean Additional Treatment?," California Water Pollution Control Bulletin, 29(4):46,86 (1992). [11k]

Lee, G.F., and Jones, R.A., "Active Versus Passive Water Quality Monitoring Programs for Wastewater Discharges," Jour. Water Pollution Control Federation, April (1983). [19k]

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Need to Evaluate Significance of Effluent Toxicity Exceedances before Conducting TIE/TRE," and "Importance of Considering Ambient Water Toxicity in TIE/TRE's," Reports to Southern California Toxic Assessment Group, 9pp and 1pp, September (1992). [32k]

Lee, G.F., "Recommended Approach For Development of CALFED Funded Remediation Program To Control Heavy Metal Water Quality Use Impairments Associated With Exceedance of Quality Standards," Report G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, April (1998). [8k]

Lee, G.F., "Role of Hydrous Metal Oxides in the Transport of Heavy Metals in the Environment," Proc. of Symposium of Transport of Heavy Metals in the Environment, IN: Progress in Water Technology 17:137-147 (1975). [57k]

Lee, G.F., "Excessive Mercury Bioaccumulation in Putah Creek Fish," G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, October (1998). [76k]

Lee, G. F., "Comments on US EPA Federal Register, Water Quality Criteria; Aquatic Life Criteria for Metals," Submitted to US EPA, Washington, DC, 12pp, July (1993).

Lee, G. F., "Comments on the WRCB Development of Revised Inland Waters, Enclosed Bays and Estuaries Plans," Submitted to Water Resources Control Board, Sacramento, CA, August (1995).

Lee, G. F., "Comments on the WRCB's Proposed Revisions of the Ocean Plan," Submitted to the Water Resources Control Board, Sacramento, CA, August (1995).

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San Francisco Bay

Lee, G. F., "Comments on San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board Strategy for Control of Toxics in Stormwater Runoff," Comments Submitted to the San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board by G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, March (2004). [12kb]

Lee, G.F., "Comments on San Francisco Regional Water Quality Control Board's Mercury Strategy for Controlling Excessive Mercury Bioaccumulation in San Francisco Bay Fish," submitted to San Francisco Regional Water Quality Control Board, San Francisco, CA, November (1998). [24k]

Lee, G.F., "Water Quality Modeling Issues in the Delta & San Francisco Bay," Presented at "Toxics and Water Quality Modeling Workshop," Bay Delta Forum, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, August (1995). [8k]

Lee, G.F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Water Quality Issues for Copper in San Francisco Bay," Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, 4pp, March (1993).

Lee, G.F., "Copper in San Francisco Bay: Where is the Problem?" Letter to State Water Resources Control Board, Sacramento, CA, May (1994).

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Water Quality Evaluation and Management

Lee, G. F., Discussion of Issues: Impacts of unmonitored, unregulated, and unrecognized chemicals in the aquatic systems; availability of a new CASQA Construction BMP Handbook; US EPA OPP request for public comment on options for disclosing inert ingredients in pesticides; Upcoming meetings: US EPA symposium on groundwater-borne infections diseases; NorCal SETAC annual meeting focusing on contaminants of emerging concern; CA DPP workshops on regulating pesticides for protection of surface water quality. IN: “Stormwater Runoff Water Quality Newsletter" 13(1). Newsletter Published by G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA. January 12 (2010). [365 kb]

Lee, G. F., “Summary of Experience in Evaluating the Impact of Domestic Wastewater Discharges on Receiving Waterbody Quality,” Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, January (2010). [32 kb]

Lee, G. F., “G. Fred Lee Experience in Fate & Water Quality Impacts of Ammonia,” Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, March 16 (2009). [75 kb]

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., “Reliability of Deterministic Models for Predicting Water Quality Impacts of Alterations in Pollutant Loads,” Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, February (2009). [10 kb]

G. Fred Lee’s Experience in Water Quality Issues of Mercury (2008). [20 kb]

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., “Comments on OEHHA’s ‘April 2008 Draft Mercury-Based Safe Eating Guidelines for Fish and Shellfish from the Sacramento River and Northern Delta’,” Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, May 23 (2008). [34 kb]

Lee, G. F., “Regulating Water Quality in Ports, Harbors, Marinas and Other Waterbodies,” Information availability, May 12 (2008) [12 kb].

Newbry, B. W., and Lee, G. F., "A Simple Apparatus for Conducting In-Stream Toxicity Tests," Journ. of Testing and Evaluation, ASTM 12:51-53 (1984). [199 kb]

“Overview of Delta Nutrient Water Quality Problems: Nutrient Load – Water Quality Impact Modeling,” Agenda for Technical Workshop sponsored by California Water and Environmental Modeling Forum (CWEMF), Scheduled for March 25, 2008 in Sacramento, CA (2008). [67 kb]

Schroeder, D., and Lee, G. F., “Potential Transformations of Chromium in Natural Waters,” Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 4:355-365 (1975). [484 kb]

Jones-Lee, A. and Lee, G. F., “Modeling Water Quality Impacts of Stormwater Runoff-Associated Pollutants,” Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, September (2007). [115 kb]

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., "Potential Impacts of Landfills on Wetlands," Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, April (2007). [13 kb]

Lee, G. F., “Residual Chlorine Impact Management Issues Comments on SWRCB Current Approach for Developing a Residual Chlorine Regulatory Program,” Comments submitted to California State Water Resources Control Board, Sacramento, CA, by G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, July 6 (2006). [30 kb]

Lee, G. F., "Comments on the SWRCB Draft, 'Total Residual Chlorine and Chlorine-Produced Oxidants Policy of California,'" Submitted to California State Water Resources Control Board, Sacramento, CA, by G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, January 4 (2006). [19 kb]

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., “Comments on ‘Comprehensive Monitoring and Assessment Strategy to Protect and Restore California’s Water Quality’,” Submitted to California State Water Resources Control Board by G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, December 6 (2005). Includes PowerPoint slides presented at SWRCB workshop, Sacramento, CA December 9 (2005). [155 kb]

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., “Nutrient TMDLs and BMPs,” PowerPoint slide presentation to the UC Agricultural Extension farm advisors and researchers, Woodland, CA (2005). [335 kb]

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., “Comments on the SWRCB December 2, 2003, Draft Water Quality Control Policy for Developing California's Clean Water Act Section 303(d) List,” Submitted to the California State Water Resources Control Board by G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, February (2004).

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., “Update of Organochlorine (OCl) ‘Legacy’ Pesticide and PCB Concentrations in Delta and Central Valley Fish,” Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, September 10 (2007). [3,361 kb]

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Organochlorine Pesticide, PCB and Dioxin/Furan Excessive Bioaccumulation Management Guidance," California Water Institute Report TP 02-06 to the California Water Resources Control Board/Central Valley Regional Water Quality Control Board, 170 pp, California State University Fresno, Fresno, CA, December (2002).

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Review of Management Practices for Controlling the Water Quality Impacts of Potential Pollutants in Irrigated Agriculture Stormwater Runoff and Tailwater Discharges," California Water Institute Report TP 02-05 to California Water Resources Control Board/Central Valley Regional Water Quality Control Board, 128 pp, California State University Fresno, Fresno, CA, December (2002).

Heinemann, T. J., Lee, G. F., Jones, R. A. and Newbry, B. W., "Summary of Studies on Modeling Persistence of Domestic Wastewater Chlorine in Colorado Front Range Rivers," In: Water Chlorination-Environmental Impact and Health Effects, Vol. 4, Ann Arbor Science, Ann Arbor, MI, pp 97-112 (1983). [857 kb]

Newbry, B. W., Lee, G. F., Jones, R. A. and Heinemann, T. J., "Studies on the Water Quality Hazard of Chlorine in Domestic Wastewater Treatment Plant Effluents," In: Water Chlorination-Environmental Impact and Health Effects, Vol. 4, Ann Arbor Science, Ann Arbor, MI, pp 1423-1436 (1983). [819 kb]

Lee, G. F., Jones, R.A., Newbry, B.W., and Heinemann, T.J., "Use of the Hazard Assessment Approach for Evaluating the Impact of Chlorine and Ammonia in Pueblo, Colorado, Domestic Wastewaters on Water Quality in the Arkansas River," IN: Aquatic Toxicology and Hazard Assessment: Fifth Conference, ASTM STP 766, J. G. Pearson, R. B. Foster, and W. E. Bishop, Eds., American Society for Testing and Materials, pp. 356-380 (1982). [914 kb]

Lee, G. F. and Jones, R. A., “Water Quality Hazard Assessment for Domestic Wastewaters,” Environmental Hazard Assessment of Effluents, Pergamon Press, New York, pp.228-246 (1986). [1,065 kb]

Lee, G. F., "Comments on 'National Whole Effluent Toxicity (WET) Implementation Guidance under the NPDES Program,'" Letter to L. Boornazian, Director Water Permits Division, US EPA Office of Wastewater Management, March 28 (2005) [19 kb]

Lee, G.F., and Jones-Lee, A., "Regulating Copper in Urban Stormwater Runoff," Timely Topics, NorCal SETAC News 11:(2) 10-11, June (2000). [11k]

Lee, G.F., and Jones-Lee, A., "Assessing the Degree of Appropriate Treatment of Shipyard and Drydock Wastewater Discharges and Stormwater Runoff," Oceans '99 MTS/IEEE Conference proceeding session, "Treatment of Regulated Discharges from Shipyards and Drydocks," Seattle, WA, September 13-16, (1999). [85k]

Lee, G.F., and Jones-Lee, A., "Development of TMDL Goals and Wet Weather Standards for the Control of Heavy Metals in Urban Stormwater Runoff," Proc. Water Environment Federation national 73rd Annual Conference, Anaheim, CA, WEFTEC 2000: Session 51 through Session 60, pp. 841-850, October (2000). [240 kb]

Lee, G. F., and Jones, R. A., "Translation of Laboratory Results to Field Conditions: The Role of Aquatic Chemistry in Assessing Toxicity," In: Aquatic Toxicology and Hazard Assessment: 6th Symposium, ASTM STP 802, ASTM, Philadelphia, pp 328-349 (1983). [7,835 kb]

Lee, G. F., Jones, A., and Newbry, B., "Water Quality Standards and Water Quality," Journ. Water Pollut. Control Fed. 54(7):1131-1138 (1982). [361 kb]

Krenkel, P.A., Lee, G. F., and Jones, R. A., "Effects of TVA Impoundments on Downstream Water Quality and Biota," In: Ward, J. and Stanford, J. (eds), The Ecology of Regulated Streams, Plenum Press, New York, pp. 289-306 (1979). [5,034 kb]

Lee, G.F., Wilson, W., "Use of Chemical Composition of Freshwater Clamshells as Indicators of Paleohydrologic Conditions," Journal Ecology 50(6):990-997, Autumn (1969). [1,780 kb]
Lee, G. F., Heinemann, T., Newbry, B., and Jones-Lee, A., “An Amperometric Titration Procedure for the Determination of Total Chlorine Concentrations in Natural Water,” Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA (1980). [82 kb]
Lee, G. F., “Persistence of Chlorine in Cooling Water from Electric Generating Station,” Journ. Environ. Engr. Div. ASCE, 105(EE4):757-773 (1979). [4,270 kb]

Delfino, J., and Lee, G. F., "Variation of Manganese, Dissolved Oxygen and Related Chemical Parameters in the Bottom Waters of Lake Mendota, Wisconsin," Journ. Water Res. 5:1207-1217 (1971). [505 kb]

Delfino, J., and Lee, G. F., "Chemistry of Manganese in Lake Mendota, Wisconsin," Environ. Sci. & Technol. 2(12):1094-1100 (1968). [734 kb]

Delfino, J., Bortleson, G., and Lee, G. F., "Distribution of Mn, Fe, P, Mg, K, Na, and Ca in the Surface Sediments of Lake Mendota, Wisconsin," Environ. Sci, & Technol. 3(11):1189-1192 (1969). [328 kb]

Stumm, W., and Lee, G. F., "Oxygenation of Ferrous Iron," Ind. Eng. Chem. 53:143-146 (1961). [469 kb]

Lee, G. F. and Stumm, W., "Determination of Ferrous Iron in the Presence of Ferric Iron with Bathophenanthroline," J. Am. Water Works Assoc. 52:1567-1573 (1960). [4,041 kb]

Rai, H. and Lee, G. F., "Separation of Planktonic Algal Pigments by Thin Layer Chromatography," Anal. Chem. 36:2208 (1964). [635 kb]

Lovett, R. J. and Lee, G. F., "Analysis of Chromium in Natural Waters by Gas Chromatography," Environ. Sci. & Technol. 10(1):67-71 (1976). [2,206 kb]

Jones-Lee, A. and Lee, G.F., "Evaluation Monitoring as an Alternative to Conventional Water Quality Monitoring for Water Quality Characterization/Management," Proc. NWQMC National Conference Monitoring: Critical Foundations to Protect Our Waters, July 1998, Reno, NV, US EPA, Washington, D.C., pp. 499-512 (1998). [1,016 kb]

Lee, G.F., "Need to Regulate Potentially Toxic Heavy Metals Based on Total Recoverable Metals," email to Gail Linck Division of Water Quality State Water Resources Control Board, Sacramento, CA, December 16 (1999). [28k]

Lee, G.F., "Comments on Second Public Draft of, 'Policy for Implementation of Toxics Standards for Inland Surface Waters, Enclosed Bays, and Estuaries of California,' Dated November 12, 1999," G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, December 14 (1999). [44k]

Lee, G.F., "Development of Technically Valid, Cost-Effective Hg Control for Sacramento River Delta & Upper San Francisco Bay," presented at Society of Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry 18th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, November (1997). [19k]

Lee, G.F., "Outline of Issues in Regulating Heavy Metals in Surface Waters in a Technically Valid, Cost-Effective Manner," Presented at IPC The Institute for Interconnecting and Packaging Electronic Circuits 36th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California May 8-10, (1993). [49k]

Lee, G. F., "UC Davis Wastewater Treatment Plant - Petition for Review," Letter to S.K. Vassey, State Water Resources Control Board, Sacramento, CA, January (1998). [37k]

Lee, G. F., "UC Davis Wastewater Treatment Plant - Petition for Review - Supplemental Comments," letter to S. Vassey, State Water Resources Control Board, Sacramento, CA, January (1998). [7k]

Lee, G. F., "Petition to the State Water Resources Control Board to Review the Waste Discharge Requirements, Order 96-227, Issued by the Central Valley Regional Water Quality Control Board on August 9, 1996 to the University of California at Davis for the UCD Campus Landfill Ground Water Cleanup System," Petition to the State Water Resources Control Board, September (1996) and October and November Supplements, Sacramento, CA, (1996). [169k]

Lee, G.F., "Regulation of Aquatic Life Toxicity as an Issue for CVRWQCB Basin Plan Review," letter to J. Bruns, CA RWQCB, Sacramento, CA, September (1998). [8k]

Lee, G.F., "Beneficial Use of Contaminated Dredged Sediments for Delta Levee Enhancement and Shallow Water Habitat Development," letter to J. Bruns, CA RWQCB, Sacramento, CA, September (1998). [7k]

Lee, G.F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Chromium Speciation: Key to Reliable Control of Chromium Toxicity to Aquatic Life," Presented at American Chemical Society national meeting, San Francisco, CA April (1997). [22k]

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Under-Regulation of Chromium in Ambient Waters," SETAC News, Learned Discourses: Timely Scientific Opinions 18(4):22 July (1998). [35k]

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Under-Regulation of Chromium in Ambient Waters: An Expanded Discussion," Report G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA February (1998). [35k]

Lee, G. F., "UCD Campus Wastewater Treatment Plant NPDES Permit Deficiencies," Submitted to Central Valley Regional Water Quality Control Board, Sacramento, CA, October (1997). [18k]

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Unreliable Reporting of the Nation's Water Quality by the US EPA," Letter to the Editor, HMCRI Focus, 10(10):7 (1994). [6k]

Lee, G.F., "Regulating Bioaccumulatable Chemicals," Letter to J. Caffrey, State Water Resources Control Board, Sacramento, December (1997). [11k]

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Guidance for Conducting Water Quality Studies for Developing Control Programs for Toxic Contaminants in Wastewaters and Stormwater Runoff," Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, 30pp, July (1992). [109k]

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Planktonic Algal Toxicity Testing in Regulating Point and Non-Point Discharges and Its Implications for Use of Dissolved Metal Criteria/Standards," Submitted for publication, Water Environment & Technology, Water Environment Federation (1996). [30k]

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Water Quality Management in Times of Reduced Funding," Poster presentation at the Second Society for Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry World Congress, Vancouver, B.C., Canada, November (1995). [21k]

 

THE FOLLOWING PAPERS ARE AVAILABLE UPON SPECIFIC REQUEST (e-mail gfredlee33@gmail.com):

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Issues in Cost-Effective Management of Surface Water Quality Problems Caused by Heavy Metals," Report of G. Fred Lee and Associates, El Macero, CA, 10pp, February (1993).

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Regulating Heavy Metals in Surface Waters in a Technically Valid, Cost-Effective Manner," IPC 36th annual meeting, San Francisco, CA, 48pp, May (1993).

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "`Chemical Constituent' vs. `Pollutant:' Importance of Aquatic Chemistry and Toxicology in Avoiding Over-Regulation," Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA (1996).

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Pesticides in Aquatic Systems

See also Pesticides in Runoff.

Kobayashi, S., and Lee, G. F., "Freeze-Concentrtion of Dilute Aqueous Solutions," Journ. Analytical Chemistry 36(11):2197-2198 October (1964). [1,003 kb]

Holmberg, D., and Lee, G. F., “Effects and Persistence of Endothall in the Aquatic Environment,” Journ. WPCF 48(12):2738-2746 December (1976). [4,430 kb]

Johnson, W., Lee, G. F., and Spyridakis, D., “Persistence of Toxaphene in Treated Lakes,” Air & Water Pollut. Int. J. 10:555-560 (1966) [2,351 kb]

Thingvold, D., and Lee, G. F., “Persistence of 3-(Trifluoromethyl)-4-nitrophenol in Aquatic Environments,” Environ. Sci. & Technol. 15(11):1335-1340 (1981). [2,351 kb]

Hassett, J. P. and Lee, G. F., "Modeling of Pesticides in the Aqueous Environment," In: Environmental Dynamics of Pesticides, Plenum Press, New York, pp 173-184 (1975). [4,210 kb]

Saleh, F.Y., Lee, G. F. and Wolf, H. W., "Selected Organic Pesticides Occurrence, Transformation, and Removal from Domestic Wastewaters," Journ. Water Pollut. Control Fed. 52:19-28 (1980). [6,270 kb]

Lee, G. F., Jones, R. A. and Saleh, F. Y., "Environmental Significance of Pesticide Residues Associated with Aquatic Sediments," J. Environ. Sci. Health B14(4):409-437 (1982). [8,848 kb]

Lee, G.F., "Issues in Water Quality Monitoring for Evaluation of the Effectiveness of BMPs in Controlling OP Pesticide Runoff from Dormant-Sprayed Orchards," Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA (2001).

Lee, G.F., "Development of Diazinon Dormant Spray Runoff Management Monitoring Program," SRWP OP Focus Group Discussion September 25, 2001.

Lee, G.F., "Comments on Sacramento/Feather River Organophosphate Pesticide Management Plan: Water Quality Targets for Diazianon, March 29, 2000 draft," G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, April 22 (2000). [21k]

Lee, G.F., "Development of TMDL for Dormant Spray OP Pesticide Toxicity Control," G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA April 22 (2000). [9k]

Lee, G.F., "Urban Pesticide Regulation from the Technical and 'Public's' Perspectives," G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, March (1998). [111k]

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Watershed-Based Water Quality Management

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., "Summary Putah Creek Mercury Water Quaity Issues," Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, December (2008). [620 kb]

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A, “LEHR Superfund Stormwater Runoff and Putah Creek Mercury Issues,” Journal Remediation 19(2):123-134, Spring (2009). [8,706 kb]

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., “Summary of Slides – Putah Creek Mercury Water Quality Issues,” Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, Presented to Delta Tributaries Mercury Council, December 2 (2008). [632 kb]

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., “Runoff of Mercury from UCD/DOE LEHR Superfund Site – Putah Creek Mercury Issues,” Presentation to Delta Mercury Tributaries Council, Sacramento River Watershed Program, [http://www.sacriver.org/issues/mercury/dtmc/ ], December 2 (2008). [4,146 kb]

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Aquatic Chemistry/Toxicology in Watershed-Based Water Quality Management Programs," In: Proc. Watershed `96 Conference on Watershed Management, Water Environment Federation, Alexandria, VA, pp.1003-1006 (1996). [29k]

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A, "Managing Excessive Algal Caused Oxygen Demand in the San Joaquin River Deep Water Ship Channel" Proc. 7th IWA International Conference "Diffuse Pollution and Basin Management," Dublin, Ireland, August (2003). [324 kb]

Lee, G. F., Bentley, E., and Amundson, R., “Effects of Marshes on Water Quality,” IN: Ecological Studies 10, Coupling of Land and Water Systems, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 105-127 (1975). [991 kb]

Lee, G. F., "Comments on Current Deficiencies in US EPA/USDA Water Pollution Control Program: Suggested Revisions as Part of the Clean Water Action Plan," submitted to R. Perciasepe, US EPA and J. Lyons, USDA, Washington, D.C, November (1997). [50k]

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Water Quality Issues in Pollutant Trading," Submitted for publication, Water Resources Bulletin, February (1996). [18k]

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Valid Pollutant Credit Trading," Water Environment & Technology, 6:10 (1994). [5k]

Lee, G. F., "Comments on WRCB Technical Advisory Committee Reports and Presentations Devoted to Developing Improved Non-Point Source Pollution Control Programs in California," Submitted to California Water Resources Control Board, 29pp, February (1995).

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Agricultural Impacts on Water Quality

Jones-Lee, A., and Lee, G. F., “Impact of Dairy Wastes on San Joaquin River and Delta Water Quality Issues,” Report to As You Sow, San Francisco, CA, Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, January 24, (2012). [162 kb]

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., "Comments on 'Draft Program Environmental Impact Report for a Waste Discharge Regulatory Program for Irrigated Lands within the Central Valley Region,'" Submitted to Irrigated Lands Regulatory Program (ILRP), Sacramento, CA, September 25 (2010). [100 kb]
Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., “Issues in Regulating Water Quality Impacts from Irrigated Agricultural Runoff and Discharges in the Central Valley of California,” Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, February 4 (2009). [64 kb]
Lee, G. F., Discussion of Issues: Evaluation and management of water quality impacts of stormwater runoff/discharges from irrigated agriculture. IN: “Stormwater Runoff Water Quality Newsletter" 12(1-2). Newsletter Published by G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA. February 3 (2009). [66 kb]
Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Assessing the Water Quality Impacts of Phosphorus in Runoff from Agricultural Lands," IN: Hall, W. L. and Robarge, W. P. (eds.), Environmental Impact of Fertilizer on Soil and Water, American Chemical Society Symposium Series 872, Oxford University Press, Cary, NC, pp. 207-219 (2004). [5,442 kb]
Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Assessing the Water Quality Impacts of Phosphorus in Runoff from Agricultural Lands: Expanded Discussion," Presented in part at American Chemical Society Agro Division Symposium, “Environmental Impact of Fertilizer Products in Soil, Air and Water,” Chicago, IL, August (2001). (Published in part in Symposium Proceedings (Lee and Jones-Lee, 2004) [http://www.gfredlee.com/Nutrients/P_Runoff_Ag_ACS.pdf]) [1,810 kb]
Swanson, J., “Water Quality Monitoring for the Irrigated Lands Regulatory Program in the Central Valley of California,” Central Valley Regional Water Quality Control Board, Irrigated Lands Regulatory Program, Sacramento, CA, PowerPoint slide presentation at CALFED Science Conference, Sacramento, CA, October (2008). [1,229 kb] Posted with permission of author.
Swanson, J., “Monitoring Irrigated Agriculture – Strategy and Results,” Central Valley Regional Water Quality Control Board, Irrigated Lands Regulatory Program, Sacramento, CA, PowerPoint slide presentation at CALFED Science Conference, Sacramento, CA, October (2008). [1,058 kb] Posted with permission of author.
Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A, “Comments on California Department of Pesticide Proposed Revisions of Ground Water Pesticide Contamination Prevention Regulations” submitted to CA Department of Pesticide Regulation, Sacramento, CA, January 2 (2009). [18 kb]

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., “Comments on the Tentative California Regional Water Quality Control Board Central Valley Region Monitoring and Reporting Program Order No. R5-2008-__for Coalition Groups under Amended Order No. R5-2006-0053 Coalition Group Conditional Waiver of Waste Discharge Requirements for Discharges from Irrigated Lands, Revision 26 November 2007,” Submitted to Central Valley Regional Water Quality Control Board, Sacramento, CA, by G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, December 28 (2007). [182 kb]

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., “Comments on ‘Working Draft - Draft Monitoring and Reporting Program -Order No. R5-2007-__for Coalition Groups under Amended Order No. R5-2006-0053 Coaltion Group Conditional Waiver of Waste Discharge Requirements for Discharges from Irrigated Lands’ dated March 29, 2007,” Report submitted to CVRQCB, Sacramento, CA by G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, April 13 (2007). [116 kb].
Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., “Summary of Issues in the CVRWQCB Irrigated Lands Proposed Revised MRP,” Comments prepared for CVRWQCB TIC meeting, Sacramento, CA, by G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, August 14 (2007). [44 kb].
Lee, G. F., “Ag Waiver Waterbody Flow/Discharge Monitoring Issues,” Submitted to the Central Valley Regional Water Quality Control Board, Rancho Cordova, CA, August (2006). [17 kb].
Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., “Agriculture-Related Water Quality Problems in the San Joaquin River,” Proceedings of 2006 International Conference on The Future of Agriculture: Science, Stewardship, and Sustainability, Center for Hazardous Substance Research, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS (2006). [108 kb].
Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., “Agriculture-Related Water Quality Problems in the San Joaquin River,” PowerPoint slides presented at 2006 International Conference on “The Future of Agriculture: Science, Stewardship, and Sustainability,” Sacramento, CA, August 7 (2006). [506 kb].

Lee, G. F., “Comments on ‘Revised Tentative CVRWQCB Ag Waiver Monitoring and Reporting Program,’” Submitted to CA Central Valley Regional Water Quality Control Board, Sacramento, CA by G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, March 13 (2006). [20 kb].

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., “Background Information on Evaluating the Water Quality Impacts of Irrigated Agricultural Discharges/Runoff,” Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, January, 2005. Updated May (2005). [45 kb]

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., “Nutrient TMDLs and BMPs,” PowerPoint slide presentation to the UC Agricultural Extension farm advisors and researchers, Woodland, CA (2005). [335 kb]

Lee, G. F., "Comments on, 'CVRWQCB Staff Report January 27/28, 2005 Board Meeting," Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, January (2005). [16 kb]

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., "Comments on 'Draft Conditional Waivers of Waste Discharge Requirements for Discharges from Irrigated Lands - Tentative Table 1 List of Receiving Water Limitations to Implement Water Quality Objective Guidance for Implementing the MRP,'"Submitted to Central Valley Regional Water Quality Control Board, Rancho Cordova, CA, by G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, November (2005) [101 kb]

Lee, G. F., "Comments on SWRCB January 9, 2004 Review of Irrigated Agriculture Waiver Water Quality Monitoring Requirements," Comments submitted to the California State Water Resources Control Board by G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, January 19 (2004).

Lee, G. F., "Comments on AWQGP Stakeholder Workshop," Comments submitted to Division of Financial Assistance, California State Water Resources Control Board, by G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, March (2004). [47kb]

Lee, G.F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Developing Central Valley, California, Agricultural Runoff/Discharges Water Quality Monitoring Programs," Proceedings of 2003 AWRA Spring Specialty Conference," Agricultural Hydrology and Water Quality," American Water Resources Association, Kansas City, MO, May (2003).

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Developing a Water Quality Monitoring Program for Agricultural Runoff/Discharges in the Central Valley of California," PowerPoint slides presented at American Water Resources Association Specialty Conference on Agricultural Hydrology and Water Quality," Kansas City, MO, May (2003).

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Issues in Developing a Water Quality Monitoring Program for Evaluation of the Water Quality - Beneficial Use Impacts of Stormwater Runoff and Irrigation Water Discharges from Irrigated Agriculture in the Central Valley, CA," California Water Institute Report TP 02-07 to the California Water Resources Control Board/ Central Valley Regional Water Quality Control Board, 157 pp, California State University Fresno, Fresno, CA, December (2002).

Lee, G. F., "Comments on the SWRCB Draft Policy for Implementation and Enforcement of the Nonpoint Source Pollution Control Program, Dated December 8, 2003," Submitted to California State Water Resources Control Board by G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, January (2004).

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Comments on Revised Monitoring and Reporting Program for Watershed Groups under Conditional Waiver of Waste Discharge Requirements for Discharges from Irrigated Lands, Released by the CVRWQCB Staff on June 24, 2003," Submitted to the Central Valley Regional Water Quality Control Board, Sacramento, CA, July (2003).

Lee, G. F., "Comments on the Monitoring and Reporting Program for CVRWQCB Order No. R5-2003-0826 Conditional Waiver of Waste Discharge Requirements for Discharges from Irrigated Lands, Dated July 11, 2003," Submitted to California Regional Water Quality Control Board, Central Valley Region, Sacramento, CA, by G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, September 11 (2003).

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Organochlorine Pesticide, PCB and Dioxin/Furan Excessive Bioaccumulation Management Guidance," California Water Institute Report TP 02-06 to the California Water Resources Control Board/Central Valley Regional Water Quality Control Board, 170 pp, California State University Fresno, Fresno, CA, December (2002).

Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Review of Management Practices for Controlling the Water Quality Impacts of Potential Pollutants in Irrigated Agriculture Stormwater Runoff and Tailwater Discharges," California Water Institute Report TP 02-05 to California Water Resources Control Board/Central Valley Regional Water Quality Control Board, 128 pp, California State University Fresno, Fresno, CA, December (2002).

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., “Issues in Developing a Nonpoint Source Water Quality Monitoring Program for Evaluation of the Water Quality - Beneficial Use Impacts of Stormwater Runoff and Discharges from Irrigated Agriculture in the Central Valley, CA,” Report of California Water Institute, California State University-Fresno, Fresno, California for the State Water Resources Control Board & Central Valley Regional Water Quality Control Board, Sacramento, California, 135 pp., November 11 (2002). [2,176 kb]

Lee, G. F., Comments on the NRDC Report, "A Review of Available Best Management Practices for Reducing Agricultural Discharges to Waterways in California's Central Valley" report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA (2003).

Lee, G.F., "Development of Diazinon Dormant Spray Runoff Management Monitoring Program," SRWP OP Focus Group Discussion September 25, 2001.

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Additional Aquatic Chemistry Issues

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., “Clean Water Act, Water Quality Criteria/Standards, TMDLs, and Weight-of-Evidence Approach for Regulating Water Quality,” Water Encyclopedia: Water Law and Economics, Wiley, Hoboken, NJ, pp 598-604 (2005). [165kb]

Lee, G. F., "Water Quality Definitions," Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, July (1999). [11 kb]

Green, W. J., Canfield, D., Lee, G. F. and Jones, R. A., "Mn, Fe, Cu, Cd Distributions and Residence Times in Closed Basin Lake Vanda (Wright Valley, Antarctica)," Hydrobiologia 134:237-248 (1986). [234 kb]

Plumb, R. H., Jr. and Lee, G. F., "A Comparison of Carbon-14 Incubation Techniques," Water, Air, Soil Pollut. 11:289-299 (1979). [5,901 kb]

Hassett, J. P. and Lee, G. F., "Sterols in Natural Waters and Sediment," Water Res. 11:983-989 (1977). [936 kb]

Morton, S. D. and Lee, G. F., "Calcium Carbonate Equilibrium in the Oceans - Ion Pair Formation," J. Chem. Educ. 45(8):513-515 (1968). [1,272 kb]

Sridharan, N. and Lee, G. F., "Coprecipitation of Organic Compounds from Lake Water by Iron Salts," Environ. Sci. & Technol. 6(12):1031-1033 (1972). [1,543 kb]

Morton, S. D. and Lee, G. F., "Calcium Carbonate Equilibria in Lakes," J. Chem. Educ. 45:511-513 (1968). [1,231 kb]

Gjessing, E. and Lee, G. F., "Fractionation of Organic Matter in Natural Waters on Sephadex Columns," Environ. Sci. & Technol. 1:631-638 (1967). [3,386 kb]

Lee, G. F. and Hoadley, A. F., "Biological Activity in Relation to the Chemical Equilibrium Composition of Natural Water," In: Equilibrium Concepts in Natural Water Systems, Advances in Chemistry Series No. 67, Amer. Chem. Soc., pp 319-338 (1967). [5,971 kb]

Bentley, E. M. and Lee, G. F., "Determination of Calcium in Natural Waters by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry," Environ. Sci. & Technol. 1:721-724 (1967). [1,882 kb]

Lee, G. F., and Jones-Lee, A., "Development of the Water Chemistry Program at the University of Wisconsin Madison & Follow-on Activities of Dr. Lee in Developing the Water Chemistry Field," Report of G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, CA, January 1 (2012). [107 kb]

Lee, G. F., "Graduate Education in Environmental Chemistry," Journ. Chemical Education 51(12):772-774 (1974). [3,655 kb]

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Background Information on Water Quality Evaluation and Management

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